Bounce rate is an important metric in marketing to evaluate the effectiveness of a website. With its help, companies analyze the page views of their website and use this metric to improve the user experience and increase the conversion rate.

Table of contents

  1. What is the bounce rate?

  2. Why the bounce rate is important

  3. Effects of the Bounce Rate on SEO

  4. Calculation of the Bounce Rate

  5. Causes of a high bounce rate

  6. Tips for reducing the bounce rate

  7. Bounce Rate vs. Exit Rate

  8. Conclusion

  9. Frequently asked questions

What is the bounce rate?

The bounce rate is a term from the world of Ecommerce and marketing in connection with e-mails, websites or online stores. It refers to the percentage of visitors to a website who call up a single page and leave it again without any interaction. For marketers, the bounce rate provides important information about the user-friendliness and content quality of a website, but also about other advertising measures.

This is why the bounce rate is important

There is an important connection between the bounce rate and the user experience: how well a website works is reflected in the percentage of bounces. If too many visitors leave the page without performing an action, this is often a bad sign. The user comes to the website, but what he sees doesn't seem to convince him. Whether in Google Analytics or in an email program, the percentage value also provides information about the bounce rate for newsletters or advertisements. The lower this value is, the better the performance. This text focuses on the bounce rate of a website and does not go into detail about newsletter bounce rates.

Impact of bounce rate on SEO

First of all, it should be mentioned that a high bounce rate does not mean at the same time that the website is basically bad. Here, the website owner must analyze what the goal and purpose of the website are. On a company blog, the bounce rate tends to be higher because readers often reach the page via external links such as social media or a newsletter. However, on a company's homepage, the bounce rate is very important because it is part of the customer experience. If the user fails to convert, important leads are lost. To see at which point users bounce, the individual subpages are looked at. To do this, it is advisable to regularly use Google Analytics or another analysis tool.

The following factors influence the bounce rate:

Thematic relevance: A landing page must meet the needs of users and offer added value.

Technical background: Whether loading speed, server accessibility or mobile optimization - all these technical details influence a website.

Organic traffic: A high ranking in the search engines is good, but the more content there is, the higher the bounce rate can be.

Branded traffic: If users search specifically for a brand, the chances that they will stay on the site increase.

Mobile traffic: Mobile surfers often bounce back more quickly.

Website structure: If the landing page is only a bridge page to other subpages, the bounce rate tends to be higher.

Bounce rate calculation

The use of web analytics tools helps to determine the bounce rate more accurately. Website operators can:

  • Segment by sources and pages

  • Identify patterns and optimization potential

  • Describe the problem in more detail

  • Implement bounce rate reduction measures

  • Record results and positive effects

To calculate the bounce rate, companies should always distinguish between new visitors and regular visitors. New users in particular have a greater tendency to leave a session. The following formula helps to determine the bounce rate on a landing page:

Formula: Number of visitors / total number of visitors to a website

If there are 50 visitors on a landing page and a total of 100 visitors on the entire website, this results in a bounce rate of 50%. The bounces can occur in the following ways:

  • Click on a button to an external website

  • Back arrow is clicked

  • New URL is entered into the window and confirmed

  • Browser or tab is closed

But even if someone has opened a tab for too long and no longer interacts after half an hour, this is counted as a bounce. However, it is difficult to say which bounce rate is good or bad, as this varies from company to company. On average, from 50 percent one speaks of a bad bounce rate and already between 20 and 45 percent of a good value. Here it is important to define your own goal and not to follow the masses.

An important point is that website owners consider other factors besides the bounce rate, as it cannot be used alone as a metric for performance. Moreover, each case is individual and always depends on the web design, the industry and the purpose of the website.

Causes for a high bounce rate

There are many reasons for a high bounce rate. From a poor user experience to an unaesthetic design, many things can be off-putting. In some cases, the user searches for information, finds it, and leaves the page. Website visitors turn their backs on pages that don't consider or incorrectly implement the following factors:

Slow loading times

The loading time of a website is an extremely important ranking factor. In times of Ecommerce and Social Commerce, many users are on the move with mobile devices. If the page is not designed for high traffic and hangs when clicking, the user is on another website faster than you can look.

Irrelevant or low-quality content

Users are most likely to bounce if they can't find the content they're looking for. Good content is the be-all and end-all of a successful website. It should be user-centric and contain the right keywords. More tips for high-performance content:

  • Always write with the reader in mind: What questions does he ask himself?

  • Does the text fit my target group and the defined buyer personas?

  • Does the reader find all the useful information right away?

  • Is the text written attractively and without errors?

Incorrect display on mobile devices

The mobile-first approach applies here. Companies need to be vigilant these days, because more and more users are surfing on their mobile devices instead of their laptops. If a page is displayed incorrectly in the mobile version or is not equipped for mobile traffic, a brand quickly collects minus points.

Poor design

The first thing a potential buyer or interested party sees is the layout and design of a website. The first impression is formed in just a few seconds. If this impression is negative because the site is untrustworthy or unclear, the user will leave. The following factors are decisive:

  • Colors

  • Fonts

  • Navigation

  • Layout (image and text ratio)

If content and design are outdated, a relaunch or redesign is recommended to make the website more appealing. But new images or the use of new colors can also work wonders.

Tips to reduce the bounce rate

The above factors that increase bounce rate can be improved with the right tactics. If website owners optimize the following aspects, their chances of success are better. Google Analytics provides information about the current bounce rate and which pages perform how. Even an untrained eye can find important information here.

To improve a website, it is advisable to start with the design and layout. Planning is half the battle here, because changes should be made by experts who know web design. Here it is helpful to conduct A/B tests to find the best possible variant of a website. It is important to adapt the page to the users' habits in order to minimize the bounce rate.

Website speed

To ensure that users do not have to wait forever for the page to load, the optimization of images and file sizes is relevant. Here it is important to use a speed test to check which pages are fast and which need improvement. In addition, website operators can:

  • Use caching techniques

  • Reduce unnecessary scripts and plugins

User experience

The website should have clear and intuitive navigation so that users can easily find their way around. In addition, mobile responsiveness should be constantly checked to see if cell phone or tablet calls work properly. A consistent and responsive web design is also part of the user experience (UX).

Relevant and high-quality content

Content is King: High-quality content conveys seriousness and underlines one's own competence. In many cases, users come to a site to view the existing content. Therefore, it should provide answers to open questions. In addition, the entertainment value and the clarity of the content play a major role. Companies that rely on reader-friendly text design and visual elements in the text score points with the reader. A page about shoes, for example, should not write about topics with a political background, as this puts users off and they look elsewhere.

Use of call-to-actions (CTAs)

CTA elements promote interaction and conversions and should therefore be an elementary component of every website. Placed in the right places, they attract the attention of users and, with the right description, help to convince them to make a purchase or get in touch.

SEO improvement

SEO is a decisive factor for the bounce rate. Companies should focus on appropriate onpage optimization to shorten loading times and rank with the right keywords. Meta titles and meta descriptions also give users a first impression of what to expect on a page via Google search. Therefore, in the best case, they filter out users who are already bouncing. Internal links are also among the most important SEO factors that should not be missing, as they refer to other pages of a brand. With the right technical equipment, long loading times and other problems can be counteracted.

Remove pop-ups

The use of pop-ups is often perceived as annoying, as they distract from the actual content of a website and impair the user experience. If a user is calmly reading a content piece and a window keeps popping up, the likelihood is high that they will feel disturbed. Of course, pop-ups also offer many opportunities to generate leads, but should always be used with caution.

Useful keywords

It is not the broad mass of keywords that brings a website to the front, but the selection of the right keywords. Website operators should start with the pages with the highest traffic and expand them. The Google Keyword Planner helps to determine the right keywords.

Bounce Rate vs. Exit Rate

The terms bounce rate and exit rate are often used synonymously, as they appear very similar at first glance. The exit rate is the proportion of visitors who were active on several pages. Here, however, only the final page that the user last opened is taken into account. With the bounce rate, on the other hand, the user closes the page from which he came - without any interaction.

Exit rate formula: number of all final exits / number of all page views.


The bounce rate is an important indicator of the user experience of a website. By taking targeted measures to reduce the bounce rate, companies can increase their conversion rates and achieve long-term success. Finally, a high bounce rate is a warning signal indicating problems with the website. By implementing the aforementioned tips and continuously monitoring and analyzing the bounce rate, companies can optimize their online offering and improve the user experience in order to be successful in the long term.

Frequently asked questions

What exactly does a high bounce rate mean?

A high bounce rate means that a large percentage of visitors to a website visit only a single page after entering and leave the site immediately without taking any further action. A high bounce rate indicates that visitors either did not find what they were looking for or that there are problems with the website that result in a poor user experience.

What impact does a high bounce rate have on SEO?

A high bounce rate can have a negative impact on a website's ranking in search engine results. Search engines interpret a high bounce rate as a signal that the website may not be relevant or of high quality. This can lead to a lower ranking, as search engines strive to deliver the most relevant and best results to their users.

How can the bounce rate of a website be reduced?

There are several measures to reduce the bounce rate of a website:

  • Optimize website loading speed to ensure visitors don't bounce due to long loading times.

  • Improve design and usability of the website to ensure intuitive navigation and responsive layout.

  • Use relevant and quality content to keep visitors on the site.

  • Place call-to-actions (CTAs) in strategic locations to encourage visitors to interact.

  • Regularly analyze and monitor the bounce rate to identify weaknesses and make targeted optimizations.